ISES 2014, 8 augusti Dag 2

Sprang åt andra hållet, mot laxodlingarna och Jernaldersmiljöet. Trolsk utsikt genom fönsterväggen, luftiga dimslöjorna lyfte för morgonsolen som bröt igenom och ned i det grunda vattnet så stenar och sjögräs gnistrade. Jernaldersmiljöet var inte några större stenblock på en gräsmatta, utan hus! Med vasstak och andra jernaldersattribut. Och typ totempålar, eller i alla fall större träskulpturer. Åt av nyponkapsalerna jag fick vid poster session i går kväll. Anslöt mig till en delegat som lyssnade på en presentation om C-vitamin, som ju inte ska funka att sätta till externt. Men jo, en studie visade att om tillsättningen var i form av nypon höjdes C-vitaminnivån i blodet på travare som sänkt den genom hård träning. Visade sig att presentatören var en av sponsorerna och hade nyponmonter, men studien var ju vetenskaplig och nyponmannen trevlig, så vi fick både nyponpulver till våra hästar och nyponkapslar till oss.
Andrew McLean - Objectivity in dressage judging
Enhancing the judging scale. Judging is about deconstructing. Shaping of the training
FEI scale is not sufficiently scalar, ex straightness. Elements should be objective and directly observable.
Submission is inappropriate. Faults should reflect the associates learned response deficit. Judging and welfare should be synonymus. Transparency for all. With regard to genetics, it is deleterious to line breed for extravagant movement.
Objectivity, facts that are provably true/the scientific method, deductive and inductive logic.
Today, there is so much subjectivity and opinions.
Dressage handbook doesn't say how to give points, quantify deductions, it's open to interpretations.
The training scale has appeared and disappeared through the 1900s, interpreted by different trainers. Judges bias of the order of the riders (the later, the better chance of good marks), national bias, judging rider to rider instead of to rules.
Shaping, analysing desired behaviour, breaking behaviour into single response units, reinforcing each one; the next step almost happens by itself.
Shaping according to the equitation science scale: basic attempt/reinforce a basically correct response + obedience + stimulus control/lightness + reinforce one stride from one light aid + rythm with tempo stride length + stride height/self carriage + reinforce multiple strides from one light aid, maintains tempo, stride length + straightness/xxxcccc
Basic attempt/horse stops, obedience/stops from a light aid, rythm/maintains lenghtening and tempo from one light aid, straightness/lengthens and maintains line with hind hooves on the same line as the fore hooves, contact/lengthens 
Suggested improvements:
Insert basic attempt and stimulus control before rythm. Place straightness after rythm. Ensure errors reflect the actual scalar training error. Embed tests of self-carriage throughout.
Examples from different points and moment in tests xxxx
Other issues, like disenchantment, welfare groups, horse enthusiasts, the sport itself. Need to take the word submission away (if you ride well, the horse goes well anyway). 
Rule breaches in poll highest and nasal plane appears nine times in rules, genetics for extravagant locomotion (the more you stretch a gene, the more the wheels start falling off in the other end), elitism etc.
Linear personality and conformation trait evaluation for horses shown in-hand, inter-observer reliability, Klingbell and König v Borstel
A moderately elastic gait will get a 7, but another 7 can be for a very elastic gait that doesn't get top because it indicates horse may break down more easily. Also don't evaluate temperament tests as with novel objects.
Germany doesn't have the linear system.
407 trakhener mares at mare shows, 52 traits scored linearly, 1 and 9 undesired. Attention/disinterested to very attentive. Calmness/very restless to very calm.
Analysis with influence of age, location, judge etc, inter-observer reliability.
The scoring gets higher differences with linear.
Attention 0,68. Calmness 0,60. Attention-calmness r 0,35.
The test had a too low number of horses for a genetic significance.
Linear reliable, actually reflects the characteristics.
The effects of patting and wither scratching on behaviour and heart rate of domestic horses, Hancock et al
No scientific evidence for why patting the horse. Withers most common for mutual grooming. Scratching withers appropriate as positive reinforcement, patting not so easy for immediate action
Significant amount of pats 33,9 percent followed by behavioural reaction, most commonly acceleration/flight response/association with leaning forward
Scratching withers created less movement like ear back, head movement, tail svishing, neither parting nor scratiching had effect on HR, behaviour shows is still beneficial. Most adverse reactions to parting from unbacked pony
Scratching area in test cranial part of neck base, towards withers and shoulders
Protocols for research in equtiation science, McGreevy et al
Set out initial guidelines for future research
What should potential researchers know about, the best current tools for measurement, statisitcal testa etc
Summary of workshop in 2012: established so far etc xxx to Journal of Veterinary Behavior
Design of experiments invovling ridden horses, ethical consider xx
Sample characterististics and variables relating to rider and environment, factor riding discipline, rider age, gender,
Infrared thermography, environmental factors, why eye temperature, recording, comparisin with other measures, validation of equipment
The racing industry says whipping is pain free, video of just one whipstrike and thermal after 30 minutes, still highly visible
Ethogram, research question and description of behaviour
ISES can assemble expertise and research consensus, developing protocols requires lots of work and goodwill, a living document
Riding and road safety, building profiles of leisure riders and their environment in the UK, Scofield et al
Why ride on the roads? Only place, link bridle paths, novice riders may feel safer on a country lane than in an open field
Can we build a profile to include safety features other than just fluorescent gear?
Reduce the near misses with traffic, educating road users, wearing lights. Very little research.
Driver's perspective slow traffic shouldn't be on the road. Study on cuclists showed fluorescent clothing gave no significant diff in space given, only not wearing helmet did
66,2 percent experienced near misses, wearing flourescent made no difference, using lights had signif less near misses. Horses of broken colour had signific less near misses than of a block colour. 
Human sight can percieve a vast range of differing colours, but distinguishes less in bad ligth/dusk
Can broken colour exercise sheets enhance riding safety on the roads?
Bridging the gap, embedding the science into teaching and practice, xx
Education is the key. Most vets are exposed to dangerous situations every day. Nurses and grooms education in eq science for safety and horse welfare. Gave one lecture, provided online course and practical lessons
Horses, trained to response well and be used for learning
Veterinary students, variyng backgrounds with some no contact with horses
Practice with needle-shy horses and instruct practicing vets. Scratching mare on the withers while examining her foal
Now first students taking habits and knowledge out into the world
Now school offer a ten week equitation science course at the Royal Dick Vet Scool in Edinburgh
Educ of those responsi for the welfare of ho used f eq purp remains vitally important. Informed application of the science based principles of equt scien will play crucial role in ensuring good welfare regardless of their location and the purpose for which they are used.
"much faster to do it this way than the traditional way."