ISES fredag 20 juli, practical day

På Scottish National Equestrian Centre. Vi började med att svara på frågor med hjälp av små elektroniska dosor. Moderatorn, dressyrryttaren Richard Davison hade smitit från OS utan att förklara att han skulle träffa tokiga akademiker. Vill lära mer om hästar, var därför han kommit. De små elektroniska dosorna var inte tillförlitliga, slutade funka när vi skulle mentometra om körningsclinicen.

Andrew McLean with a horse, audience scoring the horse before and after work. Plus videoeing the horse in infrared thermocamera. In people eye temperature has recorded increase in temperature when stressed by fear, and nose gone cold.  Same applies on horses and a number of other animals.
If we teach horse to follow our feet, what when we walk away? Follow lead rein pressure signals instead, better stimulus control. Person walking behind side of arena, the horse acted up. – If he is really adrenalized it gives less room for other signals to come through. Negative reinforcement work going forwards and back does not lower alertness level for acting up this horse, but legs obey. After some time of practice, horse is able to stand still and be parked, after yet a few more minutes can lower its head. Eye temperature went up from when taken from stable, then by end of session down again. Could have been easier on the horse and the handler if another horse had been brought in, hard to get a good demo on this one, also known to be panicking when left alone.
Question to Wayne Channon of practical application of eye temperature measuring: – No, not on a day to day basis, I can see when a horse is stressed and frightened. 
Charlotte Nevison – Deciphering rider-horse, communication in basic paces: Rider on horse with a mat underneath saddle and below, to also pick up leg aid, connected. Pointing out that when horse follows the aid, the advanced rider releases immediately, whereas the amateur hangs on to the aid. More displaying of what is possible to measure.
Panel – From audience: It's not the technology, it's the horse that should give the feedback.
Paul McGreevy:  We integrate into the equipment, but I don't want to take any joy out of horse-riding. GP rider Debbie Symes: It's easy for a coach to see when it's very good or bad, but refined equipment would help us with the little deviances. Richard Davison: The art of riding; this is the next stage on from when we started videoeing to be able to look at our rides, does not take anything away. Gemma Pearson: We have seen that HR can be high even if the horse behaves well and doesn't show stress responses Debbie Symes: Functionally asymmetric riders could have great help. 
Andrew McLean, answer on flooding: Very effective, and psychologists do it all the time in people, but on horses we have the risk of escaping. Communication works very well with other horses, but they fail dramatically with humans – reason for horses needing horse company.
Testade tygeltrycksmätaren, höll mig helt inom grönt, dvs ett halvt till ett kilo. Bara när jag tog i lite som jag kom upp på varning, ett och ett halvt kilo. Hästens mottryck inkluderat i mätningen, tyckte jag lutade mig i tygeln för att komma upp på blått/varning.
Andrew McLean – Journey towards collection using learning theory: Involves muscular development, so we cannot do it at once. Stop in three hoofbeats, if we release on one or two, we are only rewarding that response but not the stop. Same when start, maintain with seat. Count the beats, need 55 per minutes in walk.
Leg is a contact, not a signal during going. Shout from the leg, need an operant condition to remind of early training if needed, like a horse hesitating for a puddle. We see longer steps, longer neck and slightly drowsy ears to be relaxed in neck. Reins mean the same thing as he learned as a baby, you don't only direct the horse from the seat.
Ingredients: The horse clearly goes into a new gait from a clear leg aid, down from a clear rein aid, seat does not interfere. Very tempting when you have reins in your hand to hold the wings of that bird (instead of making the bird stay voluntarily).
Definition of throughness; when the rein goes through to the hind leg, when the hind legs don't run into the forelegs.
Another part of collection is legs going higher. If the running muscles are switched on, you'e not getting cadence. 75 beats per minute is active trot, passage in the 60's.  Use trial and error learning to make him find out. Breaking up into simple responses. The brachiocephalicus is like a bungy cord that makes the legs go higher, if he goes too low in neck posture, the brachiocephalicus is getting empty. We used to hate this muscle, but it's useful. When going as slow as possible, you get suspension and carrying power.
We all do negative reinforcement all the time, but do it right. We do when we adjust ourself in front of the TV, negative reinforcement is avoiding uncomfort. Fear of whips doesn't make sense, if you see it purely as an aid, extension of the arm. Don't think you need to dominate the horse, just go and train him. 
Hayley Randle - carriage driving: Par med gelderlander/Owen and Janet Pilling, welsh cob/Jane Williams and Carol Hall. Cobben att föredra, gelderländarna var inga särskilt ändamålsenliga hästar, höga benrörelser och stumma smala ryggar.
Richard Davison, closing words: We need to work more together, so the studies you do actually have some use. But we are only going to get there if we have meetings like this. 
Dagen ägde rum i en ljus ridhall med halvgenomskinliga plastpaneler som varannan takplattelängd, dessutom ljusstarka armaturer som ser ut som grislampor med genomskinlig skärm och stora avlånga glödlampor. Galvade balkar. Ngt mindre manege under samma tak med enbart sargvägg emellan. 
Lite blandade kommentarer om dagen. Trist att inte tekniken funkade hela tiden, när arrangörerna ansträngt sig med interaktiviteten, dvs att vi skulle trycka svarsalternativ på dosorna. Den stirriga skolhästen som inte kunde vara ensam funkade inte heller så bra i demon av learning theory. Till körningen hade man valt ut en rätt OK welsh cob, men också ett spann gelderländare, avlade som modegarnityr, med märkliga sprättiga rörelser men inget driv och smala ryggar. Plus de gräsligt gnälliga stolarna! Ibland väsnades de så det inte gick att höra frågor. Träffade tjejerna från nätverket för humanistiska och samhällsvetenskapliga häststudier, som sökte upp mig i går. Ska bli kul att se vad det kan bli av det. 


Den praktiska dagen ägde rum på Scottish Equestrian Centre.


De underliga gelderländarna, med spektakulära framben.


Ögontemperaturen avslöjar hästens stressnivå.


Ett schabrak som även registrerade skänkeltryck, förutom trycket från sadeln.


Dagens bild av Edinburgh castle, från promenad på sydsidan.